Dr. Aakash Bansal

 | 1 minute to read

Why water intake is important

----------------------------------------------------------Heat Exhaustion Vs Heat Stroke

Heat exhaustion occurs when you have been exposed to high temperatures and it often involves dehydration. More severe situation involving body temperature rising upto 104°F and heat cramps and heat syncope (fainting) leads to heat stroke (sun stroke). Types of heat exhaustion: 1. Water depletion - Signs include excessive thirst, weakness, headache and loss of consciouness. 2. Salt depletion - Signs include nausea and vomiting, muscle cramps and dizziness. Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion - Confusion - Dark-colored urine - Dizziness - Fainting - Fatigue - Headache - Muscle or abdominal cramps - Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea - Pale skin - Profuse sweating - Rapid heartbeat Treatment:- 1. The first step is to avoid the direct heat and take a cover into cool or shady place. 2. Drink plenty of fluids, preferably sports drinks to replace lost salt. 3. Avoid caffeine and alcohol. 4. Remove any tight clothes and let the body cool down. 5. Take shower with cold water In case these measures fail to provide relief within 15 minutes, seek emergency medical help, because untreated heat exhaustion can progress to heat stroke. Once you are recovered, its better to avoid outdoor sports or heavy lifting for few days because now you are vulnerable for heat exhaustion again. Let the body recover completely. Prevention of Heat Exhaustion:- 1. Wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing. 2. Use a sunscreen. 3. Drink extra fluids. To prevent dehydration, drink plenty of water, fruit juice or vegetable juice per day. 4. To prevent salt depletion, you can substitute an electrolyte-rich sports drink for water during periods of extreme heat and humidity. 5. Take additional precautions when exercising or working outdoors. Keep yourself hydrated before and during the workout even if you dont feel thirsty. 6. Avoid fluids containing caffeine or alcohol, because both substances can make you lose more fluids and worsen heat exhaustion. NOTE - If you severe heart, kidney, or liver disease, are on a fluid-restricted diet, or have a problem with fluid retention, check with your doctor before increasing the intake of fluids. Have a safe Workout. Dr. Aakash #Fittr #Bettr #Smarttr
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