INFS

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Degrading Bone Health in Women

Injury prevention & Rehab
Osteoporosis or osteopenia implies that your bones are weak. In simpler words, your body loses more bone than it can create.

Like other living tissues in the human body, bones also go through continuous catabolism (breakdown) and anabolism (rebuilding).  When too much bone mass is lost, and the body is slow in replacing the same, it leads to osteoporosis.  Generally, it affects women more than men, although men are also susceptible.  Some reasons why women are more prone to osteoporosis: - Women have lower peak bone mass than men.  - Estrogen, the hormone which protects women’s bones, lowers after menopause. It is also lower for women having irregular menstrual cycle.  - Women generally live longer than men.  The U.S. Preventive Services Taskforce recommends screening for women: - Over 65 years of age. - Of any age with factors increasing the possibility of developing osteoporosis.  While enough research is being conducted for treating degrading bone health in women, here are some preventive measures: - Exercise, especially strength training or resistance training, is one of the best physical activities for improving bone health. - Increased muscle mass and strength improve balance and coordination in the older population. For children and adults, exercise helps bones get stronger. Activities like walking, hiking, jogging, tennis, climbing stairs, dancing, etc, also help.  - Healthier lifestyle choices, that include no-smoking and moderating the intake of alcohol (less than 2 units a week) may help.  - Be watchful of your diet. Ensure enough absorption of Vitamin D (with daily sun exposure) and consumption of calcium-rich diet.  References - https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/overview https://www.webmd.com/osteoporosis/guide/osteopenia-early-signs-of-bone-loss https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/osteoporosis https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/osteoporosis https://www.nof.org/preventing-fractures/prevention/
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