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PREGNANCY SERIES - PART 1 IMPORTANCE OF MACROS AND ITS BREAKDOWN

Omkar kamthe
Omkar kamthe
To all the females out there,
We are starting a new series about some basics of  NUTRITION AND EXERCISES during Pregnancy.

I will be covering all the important topics:

1. Importance of macros and its breakdown.
2. Some essential micronutrients.
3. General precautions during pregnancy.
4. List of healthy foods during pregnancy.
5. Importance and benefits of exercises during pregnancy.
6. Safety precautions while doing exercises.
7. Some important exercises during pregnancy.


SO let's start our first topic today:

PREGNANCY SERIES PART 1-

IMPORTANCE OF MACROS AND ITS BREAKDOWN

Eating foods with a high nutritional value is very important during the pregnancy period for the well being of mom and the growing fetus.

Let's understand the importance of Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats in this article.

1. Carbohydrates.

Carbs play a very vital role during pregnancy since it's a good source of energy and fibers.

Complex carbohydrates provide you with fibers which helps in maintaining the healthy digestive system during this period by regulating your bowel movements and preventing constipation.

How much - Carbohydrates intake should be around 45-65 % of daily calorie intake.

2. Proteins

Proteins also play a very important role when it comes to the growth and development of the fetus. It provides the nutrients your body needs for the growth and repairing of your muscles.

If the protein requirement is not fulfilled it can lead to decreased birth weight, decreased heart weight, increased heart rate, and increased systolic blood pressure.

How much - Protein can be kept greater than or equal to 1.1 grams per kg of body weight.

3. Fats

Fats are essential for the proper functioning of your body and immune system.
Omega 3 fatty acids help in proper brain development and functioning of the retina before and after birth.

How much - Total fats intake should comprise about 20-35 % of your today daily caloric intake.

4. Fibers

Fibers in your diet help to keep everything moving in the large intestine and fight against the most common symptom which is constipation.

You should increase about 300 calories than what you are consuming before during pregnancy to make a healthy baby.

References : 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5104202/