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kidney stones

Dr Sushma Pachouri
Dr Sushma Pachouri
🥜   KIDNEY STONE🥜

Renal Stones are hard deposits made up of minerals and salt, occurring inside your kidneys.

🤔Causes of renal stones:

When the normal balance of water, salts, minerals, and other substances changes, then stones are formed. The following things can change the composition of urine:

Water intake: When you don’t drink enough water, the salts, minerals, and other substances in the urine can stick together and form stones.

Many medical conditions like gout and inflammatory bowel disease, may lead to the formation of stones.

Family history of stones

😣Symptoms:

Severe pain in the back and side below the ribs

Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin

Pain on urination

Frequent urination

Pink, red, or brown coloured urine

Nausea and vomiting

Urine infection

😑Types of kidney stone

😶Calcium stone: This is the most common type of kidney stone made up of calcium oxalate. Any condition which leads to high level of calcium (hyperparathyroidism) or oxalate, leads to the formation of calcium stone.

😶Uric acid stones: Uric acid is a waste product which passes through the kidneys and is excreted through urine. A person can suffer from uric acid stones if he or she has gout – a condition resulting from increase in the uric acid levels in the blood. In addition, if the urine output is low, that can also cause a person to suffer from uric acid stones. Alcohol consumption, and/or excessive intake of animal protein (especially red meat) are other reasons that can cause the formation of uric acid stones.

😶Struvite stones

These are infection-related stones as they usually occur due to recurrent urinary tract infection. These are large in nature.

😶Cystine stones

Less common stones, these occur in case of cystinuria.

🌸Treatment of kidney stones:

Pain killers and anti-spasmodic medications

Surgical removal in case of large stones

Laser therapy

Plenty of water

🍅Dietary management of renal stones:

🥜In case of calcium stones, decrease sodium intake rather then decreasing the calcium intake. Pair calcium rich foods with oxalate rich foods. Excessive intake of sodium increases the excretion of calcium through urine, which may precipitate in the kidneys resulting in stone formation. Avoid processed and canned food as they are rich in sodium.

🥜In case of oxalate stones, try pairing oxalate rich food with calcium rich food because calcium and oxalate are more likely to bind with each other in the stomach and intestine, thus decreasing the risk of stone formation. Foods rich in oxalate are fruits, leafy vegetables, grains, legumes, chocolate, tea, spinach, beets and sweet potatoes.

🍤Avoid red meat and shell fish if you have uric acid stones, as these food are rich in purines. High purine intake leads to a higher production of uric acid which then accumulates as crystals in the joints or as stones in the kidney. Limit red meat, shellfish, sugar, sweetened fruits and drinks, and also limit alcohol because it can increase uric acid levels.

🍗If you are a stone patient, then reduce the amount of animal protein including beef, chicken, pork etc.

🍇Use of vitamin C, vitamin D, fish oils, or mineral supplements containing calcium can increase the chances of stone formation.

🥛Last but not the least, hydrotherapy is the best for renal stone patients - drink at least 5 to 6 litters of water everyday.