Injury prevention & Rehab
OH SO YOU HAVE ARTHRITIS TOO? BUT MINE IS RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS!
•Is holding a glass of water a painful task for you? •Did your joints suddenly experienced severe pain and swelling? If yes? Then keep reading.... Buttttttttttt.... Before we jump to the condition directly, Let's know our the basic of our joints first. A healthy joint typically has two bones covering the articulating cartilage at the ends. The articular cartilage is a type of connective tissue that acts like protective cushion. It even has synovial fluid which lubricates the surface of the joints to glide over each other smoothly. *What are the functions of the any joint? Basic functions of any joint are: •Flexibility •Precision of any movement •Weight bearing. *What is arthritis? "Arthro" means joints, "itis" means inflammation. Arthritis is any disorder that affects joints which causes pain and inflammation. *So what is Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)? Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder, which means the body attacks itself by mistake considering its own cells as foreign bodies. In Rheumatoid arthritis the immune system attacks joints and organ tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis is chronic inflammatory disorder that commonly affects joints and also involves sometimes the eyes skin heart, lungs, kidney, nervous system and digestive tract. Rheumatoid arthritis is the second most common kind of arthritis. *Which joints are commonly affected? The joint that are usually affected are wrist, hands, ankles and feets. It can also affect shoulder and knee as well. *Who all are at risk? •One with a family history. •Age no bar, starts at any age. •Some environmental factors like cigarette smoking is one of the widely acceptable contributing factor. *How can differentiate it from any other arthritis? It's typical and differentiating feature is that it is bilaterally symmetrical which means it affects both the hands or both the feet together. But it can do affect single joint as well. It usually has it's active and inactive phase. In the active phase, all the joints affected are flared up and are painful where as when in inactive phase the pain and inflammation subsides. A Rheumatoid factor blood test can confirm the diagnosis. A x-ray can help us know the joint condition. *Is the condition progressive? Yes it is progressive but can be controlled with a proper treatment well in time. Inflammation causes fluid build up in the joints. Joint space usually reduces and it might also cause ankylosis of the joint. Ankylosis is fusion of the joint. Which eventually restricts the movement of the joint. *Whom to consultant? You need to visit a rheumatologist for your medications. Along with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, low intensity exercises can help strengthening the muscles and eventually protect the joint from future damage. Your physiotherapist can help you design your exercise routine taking all the points into consideration as per your Rheumatologist suggestions . There are studies which talks about balance dieting strategy which help in controlling it's symptoms. Feel free to shoot your queries!!!!!